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A cartoon from the first issue of Class War in Ireland on Trade Union officials.

Class War in Ireland, some of whose founders had been involved in Class War in the UK, had a short-lived existence in the early 1990s.

A cartoon showing a number of people marching, fronted by a banner reading: Workers Union – we say agitate! educate! organise!. Beside them is a man in a suit with a placard reading: Union official – I saw arbitrate! hesitate! demobilise!
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In the latest episode of the Irish Left Archive Podcast (@ILAPodcast@podcast.leftarchive.ie), we talk to former Republican Sinn Féin President Des Dalton about his political background, Republicanism, Internationalism and the Left.

https://podcast.leftarchive.ie/@ILAPodcast/episodes/des-dalton-republican-sinn-fein-and-independent-republicanism

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"Defence Tactics for Demonstrators"

A 1969 article from United Irishman, newspaper of Sinn Féin, outlines advice for protests and dealing with police.

One tip suggests: "Isolated policemen [are] to be well taken care of and are NOT to be molested apart from having their braces removed. A trousers ready to fall down is the best safeguard against further rioting by a policeman."

You can read the full article here: https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/289/

The United Irishman, Vol. 23, No. 3 (1969) — Sinn Féin [Pre 1970]

Irish Left Archive

Scanned headline reading: Defence Tactics for Demonstrators
An illustration of a placard shield captioned: Shield-cum-placard of wallboard or plywood, with a hole or slot to see through.
Extract from a scanned newspaper article, reading: Unbroken Line

Marchers on the right of the parade should carry their placards on their right arms; those on the left on their left arms. During an attack from the side all marchers on the particular side should turn in
that direction; stand shoulder to shoulder and under no circumstances, repeat UNDER
NO CIRCUMSTANCES, allow the line to be broken. Where gaps do occur, they should be filled instantly. The responsibility to protect women and
children should outweigh all personal discomfort.
An illustration of two men in hats and overcoats holding placards on their side. One placard reads: Let there be no panic. The image is captioned: Flankers.
Extract from a scanned newspaper article, reading:

Points to note: 

1. Careful briefing of all stewards and marchers.

2. Use placard as shields as well as slogan carriers.

3. Always allow the police to start the trouble.

4. NEVER allow the marchers to start trouble.

5. AVOID confrontations.  Remember the parable of the incoming tide.

6. Always wear padded headgear and padded shoulders under a topcoat.

7. Never allow a line of defenders to be broken. To do so is fatal.

8. Policemen are not, repeat, NOT supermen.

9. There are only about 5,000 to 6,000 thousand policemen in the whole country. Many of the Dublin police have been on night duty and are not available for duty. Others are tied up on ordinary duties, and the total available for riot duty are less than half of the total. Many are too old for this kind of work and are left to “mind the house”.
Extract from a scanned newspaper article, reading:

10. If you have to, use pepper on police dogs. Or the “shake hands” as outlined above.

11. Use flat headed nails against squad cars and water cannons, but only when it's a matter of defence.

12. Careful reconnaissance of police barriers, and avoid them if at all possible.

13. Use as many routes as possible. This conceals the main march.

14. As many cameras as possible to be used.

15. “Number spotters” well organised. To be used in evidence later.

16. Isolated policemen to be well taken care of and are NOT to be molested apart from having their braces removed. A trousers ready to fall down is the best safeguard against  further rioting by a policeman.

17. A GOOD AND STEADY BODY OF MARCHERS
ARE THEIR OWN BEST DEFENCE AND ENSURES A PEACEFUL MARCH OR DEMONSTRATION.
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New document:

Barricade Bulletin, No. 10, 2020.

Produced by the Derry Anarchist Collective, Barricade Bulletin takes its name from the 1969 Derry paper.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/6506/

Barricade Bulletin, No. 10 (2020) — Derry Anarchist Collective

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28th May 1912, the Irish Labour Party was founded by James Connolly, James Larkin and William O'Brien as the political arm of the Irish Trades Union Congress (ITUC).

https://www.leftarchive.ie/organisation/210/

Labour

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The logo of Labour: a white starry plough on a red background.
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Published 24th May 1967:

"New Student Movement Formed" – the first issue of The Irish Student, from the Irish Student Movement (ISM).

The ISM was linked to the Internationalists, later the Communist Party of Ireland (Marxist-Leninist), and active in the late 1960s and early 1970s in various colleges and educational establishments across Ireland.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/297/

The Irish Student, No. 1 (1967) — Irish Student Movement

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New document:

Public Talk: Éirígí – 15 Years On & The Fight For a New Republic

A poster for an Éirígí 15th anniversary event in 2021.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/6420/

Public Talk: Éirígí – 15 Years On & The Fight For a New Republic (2021) — Éirígí

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4th May 1986:

The Hillsborough Agreement: The text of the Bobby Sands Commemorative lecture given by Danny Morrison in Twinbrook, Belfast on Sunday 4th May 1986

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/424/

The Hillsborough Agreement (1986) — Sinn Féin

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Solidarity on International Workers Day!

Here are some documents from the Irish left marking / in our collection.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/on-this-day/05/01/#event-6415

On This Day, 1st May

Irish Left Archive

Front page of Independent Socialist with the headline "Magnificent May Day!"
Front page of Irish Socialist, newspaper of the Communist Party of Ireland, from 1982 with the headlines "Where Goes the Left?" and "May Day Greetings"
Front page of Red Patriot, from the Communist Party of Ireland (Marxist-Leninist) with the headline "Hail May Day! Organise for Revolution!"
Front page of Socialist Republic, from the Movement for a Socialist Republic, with the headline "May Day – Labour Day '77; Solidarity With All Political Prisoners"
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"And Still They Fight To Survive"

An article from Z Magazine in 1989 outlines the history and then status of state restriction of access to contraception.

A scanned magazine article reading:

And Still They Fight To Survive

The efforts to have contraception methods made legally available in the south started in earnest twenty years ago. Patricia Hegarty wonders if we are any better off today than we were then.

"People's rights as regards contraception weren't given o them - they were won. By people like the Irish Women's Liberation Movement, Mary McGee and the doctors who opened the first family planning clinic. Without them we'd have nothing at all and -what we have at the moment is inadequate.” That's the view of Jon O'Brien, Information and Education Officer of the Irish Family Planning Association.

Under-18s cannot get condoms from their local chemist without a prescription. They can legally be married at the age of sixteen. Some women are prescribed the Pill because their doctor cannot fit the Cap.

Women in rural areas have little access to family planning clinics and have to depend on rural GPs "who would quite often just prescribe the Pill, and not provide proper follow up", according to women attending the Council for the Status of Women’s Health Conference last month.

Abortion is banned [in] the constitution and even the dissemination of information on abortion is unlawful.

Meanwhile, family planning clinics are struggling to survive although they provide a range of services which many doctors cither will not or cannot provide. The Bray clinic is faced with closure from lack of funds and the Cavan group has all but given up looking for premises.
Though providing an essential service the clinics receive no government funding and no state subsidy for their clients on Medical Cards.

Contraception in Ireland can more accurately be characterised by what is lacking than by what is provided. Lack of information, lack of access and lack of choice. But what actually is available today and what did it lake 1o reach this level of provision?

1969: A company called ‘The Fertility Guidance
Company Ltd’ was formed (later to be the IFPA) and opened its first clinic in Merrion Square, Dublin.

1970: The Contraceptive Train - a group of women
from the Irish Women’s Liberation Movement took the train to Belfast o buy condoms and other contraceptives. On their return to Dublin they challenged customs officers at Connolly Station to arrest them for illegal importation. The customs officers allowed them 10 pass.

1971: The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 1971
introduced in the Senate by Mary Robinson, was defeated before it could be published.

1972: Mary McGee was defeated in her High Court
case to prove that the confiscation of her contraceptives by customs was unconstitutional. The confiscation had been carried out under Section 17 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1935, which purported to ban not only the [sale]
of contraceptives within the state, but also the importation of them from outside it.

1973: In November, Mary McGee won her ap[peal]
case in the Supreme Court. This decision made the importation of contraceptives for personal use legal. The bar [on] the sale of contraceptives remained, however, and a second attempt by Senator Mary Robinson to amend the family planning law failed.

1974: The IFPA was now able to import condoms, 
diaphragms and creams and distribute them by dona[tion] at the clinics. However, they were charged with the promotion of unnatural methods of contraception in [a] booklet under the 1935 Criminal Law (Amendment) [Act]. The case was dismissed. The coalition government introduced a Bill to regulate the supply of contraceptives.
[The] Bill was defeated when the Taoiseach, Liam Cosgrave, [and] six Fine Gael deputies voted against it.

1976: The IFPA booklet ‘Family Planning’ [was]
banned by the Censorship Board.

1977: The High Court declared the ban null and [void]. An appeal was lodged by the Attorney General and [the] Censorship Board.

1978: The Supreme Court upheld the High Court
decision on the Booklet case. The Minister for Health, Charles J. Haughey, published the Family Planning (Health) Bill.

1979: The Family Planning (Health) Act became [law]. It allowed the sale of all types of contraceptives by pharmacists only - on presentation of a prescription, which
be supplicd only to those who require them for ‘bona fide' family planning purposes.

1983: The so-called "right to life” amendment [was] passed by referendum, placing a constitutional ban on abortion and threatening restrictions on some family planning clinics. Doctor Andrew Rynne was prosecuted under the Family Planning (Health) Act for supplying ten condoms directly to a patient. He was fined £500 but this was dropped on appeal.

1985: Under strong attack from the Catholic Church, Fianna Fail and conservative lobby groups, Barry Desmond introduced the (Health) Family Planning Amendment Bill. The bill, which made contraceptives available to those over the age of 18 without a prescription, was narrowly passed.

1986: Judge Hamilton found in favour of SPUC in the High Court and ruled that it was unconstitutional to provide information on abortion. Open Line pregnancy counselling clinic closed down and the Well Women clinics ended their pregnancy counselling service. The advice available to women with unwanted pregnancies was thus restricted.

Under the current legislation, some local chemists sell the barrier methods of contraception: condoms, the sponge, spermicides. Through some local doctors you can get the IUD or coil, Depo-Provera, condoms, vasectomy and advice on natural family planning methods; the Pill is available for those who want it for ‘bona fide family planning purposes, and the Morning-After Pill is available as a post-coital method. Female sterilisation is available mainly from private clinics.

Doctors and chemists arc not obliged to provide this service. Clients can often be sure of a more comprehensive service at family planning clinics - but cannot always get to one, particularly if they live in rural areas.

Twenty years after they first opened their doors the IFPA feel that funds should be provided for:

"research into medical methods of contraception, information leaflets on family planning, and subsidising clinics for medical card clients who cannot afford to pay".

They would like to see:

"female sterilisation being made widely available through public hospitals; greater access to services for rural women; a national programme of sex education in schools, and greater training for GPs in family planning."

Legally, they want:

"clarification of the ‘bona fide’ terms of reference, and removal of the ban on the sale of condoms to under 18s."

But most of all, says Jon O'Brien, “the state should recognise family planning as an integral part of the nation's health care and as a human right. They should provide financial support and assistance lo its greater availability and improvement in standards”.
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New document:

Militant, No. 247.

The final issue of Militant, as they transitioned to The Socialist Party in 1996.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/6407/

Militant, No. 247 (1996) — Socialist Party

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Published , 20th April 1985:

"Celebrate May Day!" "Farewell Comrade Enver!"

Voice of Revolution, from the Communist Party of Ireland (Marxist-Leninist), on annual May day celebrations and the death of Albanian leader Enver Hoxha, whom the CPIML supported in the Sino-Albanian split.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/document/3075/

Voice of Revolution (Marxist-Leninist Weekly), Vol. 9, No. 13 (1985) — Communist Party of Ireland (Marxist-Leninist)

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A cartoon highlighting church hypocrisy on abortion.

The cartoon accompanied an article asking readers to vote No in the 1983 eighth amendment referendum, from Women's View.

A cartoon of a priest at the pulpit. A sign reads "This week's sermon: No Abortion". Behind him a notice reads "Next week's sermon: we need the death penalty"
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, 17th April 1966, a huge Republican demonstration in Belfast marked the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising.

https://www.leftarchive.ie/on-this-day/04/17/#event-6361

On This Day, 17th April

Irish Left Archive

A scanned newspaper article headlined: Hosting In The North